Friday, February 13, 2009

Introduction -

Linux is an operating system: a series of programs that let you interact with your computer and run other programs.The most important part of an operating system is the kernel. In a GNU/Linux system, Linux is the kernel component. The rest of the system consists of other programs, many of which were written by or for the GNU Project. Because the Linux kernel alone does not form a working operating system, we prefer to use the term “GNU/Linux” to refer to systems that many people casually refer to as “Linux”.

so here onwards let's say 'GNU-LINUX' instead of Linux. That's what i learn from my first class!

It beggined here:-

In 1984 Richard Stallman started the GNU project.He wrote GCC, emacs, bash etc..
The GNU is not a Unit. Bash is a free software Unix shell written for the GNU projects. Its name is an acronym which stands for "Bourne-again shell".

Linus Benedict Torvalds born in December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland is a Finnish software engineer best known for having initiated the development of the Linux kernel. He later became the chief architect of the Linux kernel, and now acts as the project's coordinator.Authority on Linux

About 2% of the Linux kernel as of 2006 was written by Torvalds himself. Since Linux has had thousands of contributors, such a percentage represents a significant personal contribution to the overall amount of code. Torvalds remains the ultimate authority on what new code is incorporated into the standard Linux kernel.

Does Linux have a future? and what is open source?

The idea behind Open Source software is rather simple: when programmers can read, distribute and change code, the code will mature. People can adapt it, fix it, debug it, and they can do it at a speed that dwarfs the performance of software developers at conventional companies. This software will be more flexible and of a better quality than software that has been developed using the conventional channels, because more people have tested it in more different conditions than the closed software developer ever can.

The Open Source initiative started to make this clear to the commercial world, and very slowly, commercial vendors are starting to see the point. While lots of academics and technical people have already been convinced for 20 years now that this is the way to go, commercial vendors needed applications like the Internet to make them realize they can profit from Open Source. Now Linux has grown past the stage where it was almost exclusively an academic system, useful only to a handful of people with a technical background. Now Linux provides more than the operating system: there is an entire infrastructure supporting the chain of effort of creating an operating system, of making and testing programs for it, of bringing everything to the users, of supplying maintenance, updates and support and customizations, etc. Today, Linux is ready to accept the challenge of a fast-changing world.Yes Linux have a Future!

so ˳Expunge the idleness˳®- by faheem

No comments:

Post a Comment